In-House Mono Testing & Treatment
Mono, short for infectious mononucleosis, often referred to as “the kissing disease,” is primarily transmitted through saliva but can also spread through coughing, sneezing, and sharing utensils or drinks. While it is most common among teenagers and young adults, younger children can also contract it, often with milder symptoms.
Mono is typically caused by the Epstein-Barr virus and is not considered a severe illness on its own. However, it can lead to complications, some of which are more serious.
Symptoms of Mono
Mono presents with several symptoms, including:
- Sore throat (may resemble strep throat but does not respond to antibiotics)
- Profound fatigue
- Muscle aches
- Swollen lymph nodes in the neck and armpits
- Flu-like symptoms
- Skin rash
- Enlarged spleen
While the fever and sore throat typically improve within a few weeks, fatigue, and swollen lymph nodes may persist for a few more weeks. Some symptoms may lead to complications that require immediate medical attention.
Complications of Mono
Complications associated with mono can include:
- Spleen enlargement (in severe cases, it may lead to rupture, causing sudden abdominal pain on the left side, requiring immediate medical attention)
- Mild liver inflammation (hepatitis)
- Low blood platelet count (thrombocytopenia)
- Heart inflammation (myocarditis)
- Nervous system complications
- Swollen tonsils
While complications are rare, they are more likely to occur in individuals with weakened immune systems.
Diagnosis and Treatment
Medical providers can suspect mono based on your symptoms, but a blood test can confirm the diagnosis.
Since mono is a viral infection, specific medications to treat it do not exist. The best approach involves plenty of rest, proper nutrition, and staying hydrated. Antibiotics may be prescribed if a secondary infection, like strep throat or a sinus infection, develops. It’s important to note that certain antibiotics, such as amoxicillin and other penicillin derivatives, can cause a rash, even in non-allergic patients.
If you suspect you have mono, don’t hesitate to visit one of our locations for evaluation and care.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
What is mono (infectious mononucleosis)?
Mono, or infectious mononucleosis, is a viral infection primarily transmitted through saliva. It is often called “the kissing disease” but can spread through other means as well.
Who is at risk of getting mono?
While mono can affect anyone, it is most common among teenagers and young adults. Younger children may also contract it but often with milder symptoms.
What are the common symptoms of mono?
Typical symptoms include sore throat, fever, fatigue, swollen lymph nodes, muscle aches, skin rash, and an enlarged spleen.
Can mono lead to complications?
Yes, complications such as spleen enlargement, liver inflammation, anemia, and heart inflammation are possible, especially in individuals with weakened immune systems.
How is mono diagnosed?
Medical providers can suspect mono based on symptoms, but a blood test is used to confirm the diagnosis.
Is there a specific treatment for mono?
No, since mono is a viral infection, there are no specific medications to treat it. Rest, good nutrition, and hydration are essential. Antibiotics may be prescribed if secondary infections develop.